|During February, 2000, the FDA said "There is currently an insufficient scientific basis for concluding either that wireless communication technologies are safe or that they pose a risk to millions of users." But a report published by Microwave News in February, 2003 indicated otherwise.|
The BioInitiative Working Group published a report on December 31, 2012 stating "There is now much more evidence of risks to health affecting billions of people worldwide. The status quo is not acceptable in light of the evidence for harm." The report was prepared by 29 independent scientists from 10 countries, holding medical degrees, PhDs, and MsC, MA or MPH, and referenced the results of 1,800 studies. It concluded new regulatory limits are required to ensure public safety and suggested a 0.1 μW/cm2 SAR limit be used as a replacement of the current standard.
SAR is the current measurement used by government regulatory agencies to determine compliance with theoretical and estimated non-ionizing radiation hazard standards, and its use has never been proven valid or safe. They were based solely upon theoretically safe thermal considerations (heat) created by engineers, rather than biologists and other scientists familiar with the human body. Additionally, there is irrefutable evidence that cellular phone radiation affects biological mechanisms in the body far below what can be measured at the thermal level. It is for these reason that all AegisGuard™ Radiation Shields are tested at actual radiation levels to determine their radiation frequency shielding effectiveness.
The first report confirming that phone radiation affects the body both at and below the thermal level was published in the United Kingdom during January, 1999. Researchers at the University Complutense in Madrid, Spain, released the results of a study in December, 2000, stating they "believe current methods of calculating mobile emissions (SAR) substantially underestimate their effects on human tissue." In February, 2001, the University of Nottingham in Great Britain confirmed there are effects upon living creatures that "can't be explained by heating."
During December, 2000, the British government distributed leaflets throughout the United Kingdom addressing the health risks of mobile phone radiation and reversed their health approval recommendation advising consumers to use hands-free headsets after a number of investigations revealed they channeled radiation into the head and could represent a greater health risk than holding a phone against your head. The headset recommendation reversal occurred after the British government commissioned SAR tests showing headsets reduce radiation and provided credence to the debate over SAR standards and test procedures being flawed.
Many scientists believe SAR standards should not be used because the simulated test procedures cannot measure the actual effects of radiation upon the body below the thermal level. Simulations are required because probes would literally have to be inserted into the head of a person while they are using a phone to derive accurate SAR results. (See FAQ's; What is SAR and SAR Testing? for additional information).
In a white paper submitted to the US government in June, 1999, Dr. Roger N. Clark stated "Measuring radiation emissions in the laboratory is not easy because all materials emit energy unless cooled to very low temperatures. Trying to measure thermal emissions at room temperatures would be like trying to take a picture using a camera with transparent walls and light bulbs turned on inside the camera."
The use of SAR thermal measurements and test procedures are being debated worldwide because they are based upon theoretical and unsubstantiated levels of radiation that can be absorbed by the body without harm. It should be evident that based upon the Health Risks attributed to cell phone radiation, SAR tests should not be used because none of the health effects are thermally induced. As presented in the model shown below, SAR tests do not include the extendable antenna mast and, in fact, virtually all of the thermal (temperature) increases recorded at the extendable antenna mast are due to heat transference generated by electronic components absorbed by the metal antenna mast inside a phone.
SAR test procedures measure radiation emissions from the earpiece of a cellular phone using simulations and specialized equipment. The computer model on the right illustrates where the surface equivalence principle has been used to determine the fields inside a homogeneous phantom head when a phone operating at the United States SAR limit is placed against it and in use for only 15 minutes. The "surface currents" on the dielectric can be seen on the head and cheek of the phantom and include thermal expansion in the head. The cutplane through the head illustrates that SAR calculations in use worldwide do not measure or consider an extendable antenna mast.
The computer model on the left illustrates the same "surface currents" with an AegisGuard™ shield installed on the phone. For phone compliance, SAR is measured as Watts of radiation energy per kilogram (2.2 pounds) of brain tissue, where the SAR limit is an absorption threshold of Watts per kilogram as measured over any one gram of tissue.
Some analog and virtually all digital phones emit more than 2 Watts per kilogram into head tissue, but are considered compliant with SAR standards because the signals are pulsed, or divided, over a one second time period. For phones used in GSM and PCS networks, this equates to hundreds of pulses per minute entering the head.
The following table presents SAR limits used in the United States and the FDA output power safety standards for microwave ovens as a comparison. Like AegisGuard shields, every microwave oven deflects radiation instead of absorbing it. Click here to find out why.
Click here to see the warning labels required for 5 and 10 milliwatt laser products as per FDA CFR § 1040.10.